Cleaning a Winchester Rifle. The care and Cleaning of the Winchester 94/1894. The Winchester receivers are unique in that they were made with a very high nickel content. The result is that it is very common to see receivers with what is commonly called “flaking”.
In many cases, the receivers result is an almost complete loss of bluing. There have been specimens that are new in the box and never used that have exhibited this anomaly. Good care after use can help control this problem.
Cleaning a Winchester Rifle
The bluing processes used in Barrels and Magazine Tubes and other blued parts are pretty much standard and only required normal care. Internal parts fall into this category and are not blued.
The Winchester forearms and buttstocks are straight grain walnut unless they were a special order from the factory. Normal handling will keep them in fine condition.
After carrying and shooting the rifle it should be cleaned starting with the bore. Using a gun solvent and patch swab the bore and let it sit for a few minutes. Then using a clean patch run it through the bore.
This can be repeated until the bore is cleaned. The rest of the metal parts including the receiver can be cleaned using an oily cloth with one of the many gun oils on the market or gun cloth that is available at a local gun shop. My choice is a clean handkerchief that has been treated with a good gun oil.
Some do’s and don’ts
Guns should never be left in their cases as it invites moisture. This is especially true when there is evaporative cooling in the area. When cleaning the stocks do not use excessive oil this will seep into the end grain of the wood and is almost impossible to remove.
Oil the internal parts with the lever open using an oiled Q tip just enough to ensure a thin film. The buttstock can be removed by removing the bolt at the back of the top tang. This is not necessary for normal cleaning but if moisture has been encountered it may be necessary. The stock can then be gently pulled to the rear to expose the hammer spring and other parts. A light oiling can then be accomplished.